Suggested Further Readings

The Site Report of Taima-Taima

Ochsenius, C. and R. Gruhn (eds.)
1979 Taima-taima. A Late Paleo-Indian Kill Site in Northernmost South America--Final Reports of the 1976 Excavations. CIPICS/South American Quaternary Documentation Program. Printed in the Federal Republic of Germany.


This is the key publication. It includes chapters by J. M. Cruxent, A. L. Bryan, R. Gruhn, R. M. Casimiquiela and C. Ochsenius.


Key Readings specifically on Taima-Taima Archaeology

Ardila Calderón, G.


1987 Book Review of "Taima-taima. A Late Pleistocene Paleo-Indian Kill Site in Northernmost South America, edited by C. Ochsenius and R. Gruhn". Boletín del Museo del Oro, No.18: 81-85. Bogotá.

Bryan, A.L., R.M. Casimiquiela, J.M. Cruxent, R. Gruhn and C. Ochsenius


1978 An El Jobo Mastodon Kill at Taima-taima. Science, Vol. 200: 1275-1277.

Cruxent, J. M.


1967 El paleoindio en Taima-taima, Estado Falcón, Venezuela. Acta Científica Venezolana, Supl. 3: 3-17. Caracas.

1970 Projectile points with Pleistocene Mammals in Venezuela. Antiquity 49(175): 223-225. Cambridge.

1979 Stone and Bone Artifacts from Taima-Taima. Taima-taima. A Late Paleo-Indian Kill Site in Northernmost South America--Final Reports of the 1976 Excavations, p.41-52. C. Ochsenius and R. Gruhn eds. CIPICS/South American Quaternary Documentation Program. Printed in the Federal Republic of Germany.


Syntheses and Reports on Western Venezuelan Early Sites (Pedregal, Muaco, Taima-taima, El Vano).

Cruxent, J. M.


1961a Neuer Beritchüber die Foretsezung de Archäologischen Arbeiten im Gebiet von El Jobo, Bundesstaat Falcon, Venezuela. V Kongress für Vor- und Frugeschichte., Essay 64: p. 215 (Plates 13-15). Germany.

1961b Huesos Quemados en el Yacimiento Prehistórico de Muaco, Estado Flacón, Venezuela. Boletín Informativo I.V.I.C. 2:20. Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Depto. de Antropología, Caracas.

Jaimes Queros, A.


1989 Áreas de actividad de un sitio Paleoindio del Estado Lara: Los Tres Cruces. Unpublished Licenciatura dissertation. Universidad Central de Venezuela., Caracas.

1998 El Vano, Venezuela: El Jobo Traditions in a Megathere Kill Site. Current Research in the Pleistocene 15:25-27

2003 El Vano, una nueva localidad paleo-india en el nor-occidente de Venezuela. Maguaré No. 17, pp. 46-64. Issue edited by Gerardo Ardila Calderón,. Revista del Departamento de Antropología de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá Colombia.


Additional Bibliographic References

Bryan, A.L.

1973 Paleoenvironmental Diversity in Late Pleistocene South America. Quaternary Research,Vol. 3: 237-256.

1983 South America. Early Man in the New World, p.137-147. S. Richard Jr. ed. Sage Publications, Inc.

Bryan, A.L. and R. Gruhn

1986 Paleoamerican Prehistory as Seen From South America. New Evidence for the Pleistocene Peopling of the Americas, p.1-14. A.L. Bryan ed. Center for the Study of Early Americans. University of Maine. Orono, Maine.

Dillehay, T. D.

2000 The Settlement of the Americas: A New Prehistory. Basic Books. New York.

Dillehay, T.D., G. Ardila Calderón, G. Politis, y M da C. Coutinho Beltrão

1992 Earliest Hunters and Gatherers of South America. Journal of World Prehistory 6:145-204.
Ochsenius, C.


1998 Quaternary Ecology in the Per-Caribbean Arid Belt. Singen am Hohentwel: Baden-Württemberg, Germany & El Arrayán, Santiado, Chile.

Schubert, C.

1988 Climatic Changes During the Last Glacial Maximum in Northern South America and the Caribbean: A Review. Interciencia 13: 128-137

Schubert, C. and L. Vivas (editors)

1993 El Cuaternario de la Cordillera de Mérida, Andes Venezolanos. Universidad de Los Andes-Fundación Polar. Mérida, Venezuela.


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