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Rock Art Namibia Africa

Rock Art of Twyfelfontein, Namibia, Africa
A Survey into the Relationship between
Animal-Engravings and Cupules

General Bibliography

Bibliography

Rock Art of Twyfelfontein in Namibia, Africa

Links


ALÉN, A. G. & A. DE LA PEÑA SANTOS. 1980. Grabados Rupestres de la Provincia de Pontevedra. Museo de Pontevedra. Spain.

ALLARD-HUARD, l. 1993. Nil-Sahara. Dialogues Rupestres 1: Les Chasseurs. Privately Published, Divajeu, France.
 
ALLARD-HUARD, l. 2000. Nil-Sahara. Dialogues Rupestres 2: L'homme Innovateur. Privately Published, Divajeu, France.
 
ANATI, E. 1982. I Camuni. Alle radici della civiltà europea. Luine, collina sacra. Edizione del Centro, Archivi, Vol.8 Capo di Ponte.
 
ANATI, E. 1999. Alpine prehistory, becoming history. Adoranten, 5-15. Underslös.
 
ASCHERO, C. A.  1999. Rock-art of the Puna Desert and Northwestern Argentina. In: Rock-art in the Andes of Capricorn. Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino, Santiago de Chile.
 
BALLEREAU, D. 1981. Trois sites a petroglyphes du Norte Chico (Chile). Société des Antiquités Nationales, Paris.
 
BALLEREAU, D. 1988. El arte rupestre en Sonora: petroglifos en Caborca. Trace, 14: 5-72. CEMCA, México, Distrito Federal.
 
BEDNARIK, R. G. 1993. About cupules. Rock Art Research 10-2, 138-139.
 
BELTRÀN LLORIS, M. 1972. Los grabados rupestres de Bedolina (Valcamonica). BCSP  VIII, 121-158. Capo di Ponte, Italia.
 
BERENGUER J. R. 1999. The vanishing language of rock art in the Andes of Atacama. In: Rock art in the Andes of Capricorn. Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino, Santiago de Chile.
 
BLAUER, E. 1999. African Elegance. Kaapstad.
BLUNDELL, G. 1998. On Neurospychology in Southern African Rock Art Research. Anthropology of Consciousness 9-1, 3-12. American Anthropological Association.
 
BREUIL, H. & L. Berger-Kirchner - Undated. I. Frans-Cantabrische rotskunst. In: Het Stenen Tijdperk. Vierduizend jaar rots-afbeeldingen. H. G. Bandi et al., 1-54. Series: Kunst der wereld. Elsevier, Holland.
 
CALLAHAN, K. L. 2000. Pica, Geophagy, and Rock Art: Ingestion of rock powder and clay by humans and its implications for the production of some rock art on a global basis.
http://www.geocities.com/athens/acropolis/5579/pica.html
CAMPBELL, A., J. Denbow & E. Wilmsen. 1994. Paintings like engravings. Rock-art at Tsodilo. In: T. A. Dowson and J. D. Lewis-Williams (eds.), Contested Images: diversity in Southern African rock-art research. Johannesburg, Witwatersrand University Press, South Africa, 131-158.
 
CERVICEK, P. 1998. Rock art and the ancient Egyptian Pyramid texts. Sahara 10, 110-111. Milan.
 
COULSON, D. & A. Campbell. 2001. African Rock-art: paintings and engravings on stone. New York.
 
CLOTTES, J. & D. Lewis-Williams. 1998. The shamans of prehistory. Trance and magic in the painted caves. New York.
 
DOWSON, T. A. 1989. Dots and dashes: cracking the entoptic code in Bushman rock paintings. South African Archaeological Society - Goodwin Series 6: 84-94.
 
EASTWOOD, E., S. Ouzman & D. MacWhirter. 2000. Kaoxa's Shelter. The first Public Rock-art Site in the Limpopo-Shashi Confluence Area of South Africa. The Digging Stick 17-1: 1-6.
 
EVERS, D. 1996. De magie der beelden. Prehistorische Scandinavische rotstekeningen. Driebergen, Holland.
FOCK, G. J & D. Fock. 1989. Teil III, Die Felsbilder im Vaal-Oranje-Becken. Felsbilder in Südadrika. Böhlau Verlag, Köln-Wien.
 
FROBENIUS, L. (1937) reprint 1978. Ekade Ektab. Die Felsbilder Fezzans. Graz, Austria.
 
FROBENIUS, L. & H. Obermaier. (1925) reprint 1965. Hadschra Maktuba. Urzeitliche Felsbilder Kleinafrikas. Graz, Austria.
 
FÜRST, M. 1997. Charakteristika der Felsbilder aus der Epoche der Grosswildfauna von Libyen. Forschungsmagazin der Johannes Gutenberg Universität, Deutschland.
 
GALLARDO, F., C. SINCLAIRE & C. SILVA. 1999. Rock-art, location and landscape in the Andean foothills of the Atacama desert. In: Rock-art in the Andes of Capricorn. Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino, Santiago de Chile.
 
GUFFROY, J. 1999. El arte rupestre del antiguo Perú. Lima.
 
HALLIER, U. 1997. Les relations Prehistoriques entre le Haut-Nil (La Nubie) et le Sahara Central. Archéo-Nil 9.
 
HALLIER, U. W. 1990. Die Entwicklung der Felsbildkunst Nordafrikas. Stuttgart.
 
HALLIER, U. W. & B. C. HALLIER, 1992. Felsbilder der Zentral-Sahara. Stuttgart.
 
HALLIER, U. W. & B. C. HALLIER, 2000. Die Geographische Verbreitung der "Messak-Kunst". StoneWatch, Vol. 5, 26-36. Warmsroth.
 
HUARD, P. & J. Leclant. 1980a. La culture des chasseurs du Nil et du Sahara, Tome I. Memoires du Centre de Recherches Anthropologiques Prehistoriques et Ethnographiques, 29. Alger.
 
HUARD, P. & J. Leclant. 1980b. La culture des chasseurs du Nil et du Sahara, Tome II. Memoires du Centre de Recherches Anthropologiques Prehistoriques et Ethnographiques, 29. Alger.
JACQUET, G. 2000. Piste oubliée en Haut-Ennedi. Sahara 12: 141-149.
 
JELÍNEK. J. 2000. Rock art at I-n-Leludj (Fezzan, Libya). Sahara 12: 159-163.
 
KSICA, M. & O. Ksicová. 1994. Felsbilder zwischen Schwarzem Meer und Beringstrasse. Preh-art-expo Brno.
 
LEE, G. & E. STASACK. 1999. Spirit of Place. Petroglyphs of Hawai'i. Easter Island Foundation. Los Osos, California.
 
LETOW, H. 1999. Felsgravuren auf der Insel Ometepe/Nicaragua. The World of Petroglyphs CD-ROM 3. StoneWatch, Warmsroth.
 
LEWIS-WILLIAMS, J. D. 1987. Paintings of Power: Ethnography and rock art in southern Africa. In: The past and future of !Kung ethnography: Critical Reflections and Symbolic perspectives (Essays in Honour of Lorna Marshall). Eds. M. Biesele, R. Gordon & R. Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung. Hamburg.
 
LEWIS-WILLIAMS, J. D. 1991: Upper Palaeolithic art in the 1990s: a southern African perspective. South African Journal of Science 87, 422-429.
 
LEWIS-WILLIAMS, J. D. 1999. Wrestling with Analogy: A Methodological Dilemma in Upper-Palaeolithic Art Research. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 57. Part 1, 149-161.
 
LEWIS-WILLIAMS, J. D. & T. A. DOWSON. 1988. The Signs of All Times: Entoptic Phenomena in Upper-Palaeolithic Art. Current Anthropology 29-2, 201-245.
 
LHOTE, H. Undated. De rotskunst van Klein-Afrika en de Sahara. In: Het Stenen Tijdperk. Vierduizend jaar rots-afbeeldingen. H. G. Bandi et al., 83-134. Series: Kunst der wereld. Elsevier, Holland.
 
LHOTE, H. 1987. Les gravures du pourtour occidental et du centre de l'Aïr.  Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations; Memoire no. 70. Paris.
 
LUTZ, R. & G. LUTZ. 1999. Das Hausrind in der prähistorishen Sahara. Die Domestikation des Rindes. StoneWatch Vol. 4, pp 38-42. Warmsroth.

PAGER, S-A. Undated. A walk through prehistoric Twyfelfontein. Windhoek.
 
OUZMAN, S. 2001a. The problems and potentials of developing and managing public rock-art sites in southern Africa. Pictogram 12, 4-13.
 
OUZMAN, S. 2001b. Seeing is deceiving: rock-art and the non-visual. World Archaeology Vol. 33 (2): 237-256 Archaeology and Aesthetics.
 
OUZMAN, S. 2002 Twyfelfontein Site Report. Unpublished report for the National Monuments Council of Namibia. Included in this work.
 
QUEREJAZU LEWIS, R. 1998. Tradiciones de Cúpulas en el Departemento de Cochabamba. SIARB Boletín 12: 48-58.
 
RODRIGUE, A. 1999. L'art rupestre du Haut Atlas Marocain. Paris.
 
SCHERZ, R. E. 1970. Die Gravierungen in Südwestafrika. Teil I. Die Gravierungen in Südwest-Afrikas ohne den Nordwesten des Landes. Köln-Wien.
 
SCHERZ, E. R. 1975. Felsbilder in Südwest-Afrika, Teil II: Die Gravierungen im Nordwesten Südwest-Afrikas. Köln-Wien.
 
SCHERZ, E. R. 1986. Felsbilder in Südwest-Afrika, Teil III: Die Malereien. Köln-Wien.
 
SEGLIE, D.  1997. African Pictograms: Namibia Rock-art and Archaeology. CeSMAP, Pinerolo Italy.
 
SOLEILHAVOUP, F. 2000. Art rupestre dans les confins nord-orientaux du Tassili-n-Ajjer (région de l'Aramat, Libye). Sahara 12: 45-82.
 
SCHWEGLER, U. 1992. Schalen- und Zeichensteine der Schweiz. Antiqua 22. Basel.
STANBURY, P. & J. Clegg. 1990. A Field Guide to Aboriginal Rock Engravings, with special reference to those around Sydney. OUP. Melbourne.
 
TAÇON, P. S. C., R. Fullagar, S. Ouzman & K. Mulvaney.  1997. Cupule engravings from Jinmium-Granilpi (northern Australia) and beyond: exploration of a widespread and enigmatic class of rock markings. Antiquity  71 / 274: 942 – 965. London. England.
 
THACKERAY, A. I. 1983. Dating the rock art of southern Africa. The South African Archaeological Bulletin - Goodwin Series, 4: 21-26.
 
TOWNLEY JOHNSON R. & T. Maggs. 1979. Major rock paintings of southern Africa. Amsterdam.
 
VAN HOEK, M. A. M. 1998. Instances of respect and disregard in European rock art. Adoranten, 50-59. Underslös.
 
VAN HOEK, M. 2000a. Fish petroglyphs at 'Ava 'o Kiri, Rapa Nui. An approximation of a Remarkable Rock Art Site at Easter Island. Rapa Nui Journal 14: 13-17.
 
VAN HOEK, M. 2000b. Rapa Nui cupules: voices of a disintegrating society? Rock Art Research 17-2: 99-110
 
VAN HOEK, M. 2001. The Geography of Cup-and-ring Art in Europe. The World of Petroglyphs Special CD-ROM 8. StoneWatch, Warmsroth.
 
VAN HOEK, M. 2002. New cupule rock art at Twyfelfontein, Namibia. Rock Art Research 19-2: 136 -137.
 
VAN HOEK, M. 2003a. The Saharan 'girafe a lien' in rock art. Domesticated giraffe or rain animal? Comparing enigmatic giraffe petroglyphs from the Sahara and Namibia. Sahara, Volume 14: 49 - 62.
 
VAN HOEK, M. 2003a. The rock art of Toro Muerto. Rock Art Research 20.2, 46 - 65.

VINNICOMBE, P. 2002. Petroglyphs of the Dampier Archipelago: background to development and descriptive analysis. Rock Art Research 19-1: 3-27.
 
WHITLEY, D. S. & H. J. ANNEGARN. 1994. Cation-ratio dating of engravings from Klipfontein, Northern Cape. In: T. A. Dowson & J. D. Lewis-Williams (eds.) Contested images: diversity in southern African rock-art research. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.
 
WALLER, S. J. 1997. Rock Art Acoustics http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/9461
 
WANKE, L. 2000. Nordische Felsbilder 3. 12. Jahrbuch der Ge.Fe.Bi. Graz, Austria.

Maarten van Hoek
Email: vanhoekrockart@parelnet.nl
Website: http://mc2.vicnet.net.au/home/vhra/web/index.html
Namibia: http://mc2.vicnet.net.au/home/vhra/web/namibia.html
Rock Art of Twyfelfontein in Namibia, Africa

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Rock Art of Twyfelfontein in Namibia, Africa

Rock Art of Twyfelfontein, Namibia, Africa
| Namibia Preface | Namibia Introduction | Twyfelfontein Cupules | Cupules & Animals | Picture Captions |
| Appendix 1 | Appendix 2 | Bibliography | Acknowledgements |
| Bradshaw Foundation Homepage | Africa Rock Art Index |


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