geometric signs symbols cave rock art

Geometric Signs & Symbols in Rock Art


Bibliography for photos and drawings

Negative Hand
Negative Hand Map Image, Aurignacian and Gravettian periods - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009, page 91.

Blombos - Close-up photos of engraved ochre - Henshilwood et al. "Emergence of Modern Human Behaviour: Middle Stone Age Engravings from South Africa", Science, February 15th, 2002, Vol. 295, no. 5558, p. 1278-1280.
Cosquer – Row of engraved open-angle signs – digital version from Bradshaw Foundation website:

Abri Blanchard - Incomplete oval sign: B. and G. Delluc, 1991, p. 123 - digital version from EuroPreArt.
Le Colombier II - Engraved oval sign: A. Dubouloz in L’Atlas des Grottes Ornées, 1984. Page 624.
Oval Signs Map Image - Distribution of Sites in All Periods - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009.

Cueva de la Pileta, Spain - Black pectiforms - Photo by L. F. Sánchez Tundidor, from

Lascaux colour photo of penniform:
Lascaux – colour photo of penniforms with horse - photo by Alain Roussot -
Laussel - Venus of Laussel (penniform on right hip): Venus of Laussel - full view of block (sign visible): Photo by J.M. Ahnaud in "Les Dossiers d’Archéologie", no. 209, 1995-1996, p. 55. Digital image from EuroPreArt.
Marsoulas - colour photo of penniform: M. Lorblanchet, 1995, p. 100 - digital version from EuroPreArt.
Niaux - Bison with penniforms: Clottes 1995 p. 153 - Les cavernes de Niaux. Art préhistorique en Ariège , Seuil , Paris – digital version from EuroPreArt.

Positive Hand
Positive Hand Map Image, all periods - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009, page 104.

Gabillou - Engraved quadrangle: J. Gaussen in J. Clottes and D. Lewis-Williams, 1996, p. 95 - digital version from EuroPreArt.
Lascaux - Red quadrangle: J. Vertut in A. Leroi-Gourhan, 1965, p. 224 – digital version from EuroPreArt.

Reniform Site Distribution Map - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009, page 109.
Roc de Vézac - 2 engraved reniforms: photo by N. Aujoulat in L’A de GO, 1984, p. 243 - digital copy from EuroPreArt.

Abri du Poisson - Photo of fish engraving with scalariform: A. Roussot, 1990, p. 31. Digital image from EuroPreArt.

Grotte Chauvet - Engraved serpentiform on side of horse, plus lines and open-angle: Chauvet et al., 1995, p. 37 - digital version from EuroPreArt.

Bernifal - Photo of red tectiform: J. Vertut in A. Roussot, 1990, p. 59 - digital version from EuroPreArt.

Sombre - Tracing of multiple signs - oval, lines, crosshatch, triangle: J. Combier and P. Ayroles in L’Atlas des grottes ornees, 1984, p. 608.

Genevieve von Petzinger | An Introduction
What are Geometric Signs? | Worldwide Geometric Signs Chart
Research Methodology
Geometric Signs in France | Page | 1 | 2 |
Sign Types Present in Countries and Regions
Bibliography | for photos and drawings | A to L | N to Z |

bradshaw foundation donate help

Mailing List

Email Sign-Up
website updates


First Name

Last Name


Homepage About the Foundation Contact Us Facebook News Articles Twitter List of Research Papers Professor Stephen Oppenheimer Bibliographic Database Travel Index About the Expeditions Forthcoming Expeditions Bespoke Expeditions Enquire Practical Information History of Exploration Welcome to the iShop Film Downloads DVD's Sculpture Prints Clothing Messenger Bag eBooks INORA Downloads About iLecture Films Shipping & Handling iLectures In Conversation Video Stories Travel Films Read the reviews Privacy Policy Bradshaw Foundation Facebook Friends of the Foundation Archive Index World's Oldest Rock Art Africa Documentary Films South Africa RARI Giraffe Carvings Niger Namibia Western Central Africa Africa Paintings Gallery Tanzania The Tuareg People Tuareg Salt Caravans Gilf Kebir Birnin Kudu Rock Art Center Archive Index San Rock Art Paintings San Bushman San Rock Art Film Origins Centre Johannesburg Archive Index Arizona Baja California Baja California Film Coso Range Talking Stone Film Nevada Oregon Territory Moab, Utah Clovis First Australia Archive Index Introduction Bradshaw Paintings Kimberley Region The Unambal Hugh Brown Leif Thiele Gallery Dan Clark Grahame Walsh Bradshaws / Gwion Gwion Archive Index Introduction Origins of the British Avebury Stonehenge Sounds of Stonehenge The British Museum British Isles Megaliths Gower Peninsula Rock Art Mendip Hills Prehistory Northumberland Rock Art Red Lady of Paviland Stone Age Mammoth Abattoir Archive Index Introduction Peterborough Petroglyphs Western Canadian Rock Art Writing-On-Stone Wuikinuxv Territory Dinosaur Provincial Park Archive Index Huashan Rock Art Yinchuan Museum Rock Art Festival Field Trip Gallery Itinerant Creeds Inner Mongolia & Ningxia Vanishing Civilization Life in Rock Art (PDF) Tibet Tibet Photographs Dazu Rock Carvings Tiger Motif Archive Index Chauvet Cave Lascaux Cave Niaux Cave Cosquer Cave Rouffignac Cave Portable Art Defining Rock Art Tuc d'Audoubert Bison Dr. Jean Clottes Index UNESCO World Heritage Introduction Cave Paintings Gallery Visiting the Chauvet Cave Return to Chauvet Cave Investigating the Cave Venus & Sorcerer Werner Herzog Film Chauvet Publications India Archive Index Rock Art Central India Pachmarhi Hills India Rock Art Gallery Preservation & Education Dr. V. S. Wakankar Articles on India Rock Art Contemporary Art Sri Lanka Archive Index Rock Paintings & Engravings Sri Lanka Rock Art Gallery Middle East Archive Index Middle East Inroduction Rock Art of Iran Rock Art of Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Rock Art Ancient Geometry Middle East Colonisation Scandinavian Rock Art Archive Scandinavian Introduction Alta Rock Art Norway Rock Art in Finland Tanum Rock Art Sweden Thor Heyerdahl Archive Index Introduction America's Oldest Art? Pedra Furada Bolivian Rock Art Campeche Island - Brazil Checta Petroglyphs - Peru Cueva de las Manos Santa Catarina Island - Brazil Rock Art in Britain Campeche Rock Art Petroglyphs El Salvador - Corinto Cave Hand Rock Art Paintings Tibetan Rock Art United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Yinchuan Rock Art Museum Introduction Ice Age Art Gallery Claire Artemyz Jill Cook Interview Cycladic Introduction Cycladic Gallery A Cultural Memory Izzy Wisher Biography Deer-tooth necklace Cave Art Introduction Geometric Signs Chart Research Methodology Geometric Signs in France Sign Types/Countries/Regions Bibliography Ancient Symbols in Rock Art Newsletter Archive Download Issues Introduction Genetic Map Professor Stephen Oppenheimer Further Reading Origins of the British BBC Documentary Origins Index Origins Overview 13 Big Questions Stanley Ambrose Homo Floresiensis Herto Skulls Homo Dmanisi Liujiang Skull Introduction Sentinels in Stone Easter Island Rock Art Birdman Cult / Motif Sea & Marine Creatures Design & Motifs Dr Georgia Lee Easter Island Map Contemporary Art Glossary Conclusion Thor Heyerdahl Introduction When & Who Built It? How Was It Built? The Area Sounds of Stonehenge Meaning of a Pyramid Pyramid Studies Pyramid Superstructure Pyramid Substructure Pyramid Preparations Pyramid Building Saqqara Nabil Swelim Temples of Malta and Gozo Research in the Caucasus The Keselo Foundation Homo Dmanisi Ancient Toolmakers Index Introduction Descent into the Cave The Decorated Caves Shamanistic Experience Spring Initiation Rites Summary Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Professor John P. Miller Motif: Eternal Index Banksy Han Meilin Bruce Radke Christian Tuki Gordon Ellis-Brown Site Map Search the Website Glossary of Terms & Definition Podcast on iTunes Other Websites Contact the Foundation