Ardipithecus ramidus, nicknamed in 1994 'Ardi' (meaning 'ground' or 'root'), lived about 4.4 million years ago during the early Pliocene. The fossil find was dated on the basis of its stratigraphic position between two volcanic strata. [White, Tim D. et al. 2009]. This fossil was originally described as a species of Australopithecus, but White and his colleagues placed the fossil under a new genus, Ardipithecus.