Talking Stone Rock Art Coso America USA Documentary Film

The Bradshaw Foundation : Glossary of Terms & Definitions

Glossary of Terms & Definitions | N

 
 
 
N

Neanderthal An extinct member of the Homo genus that is known from Pleistocene specimens found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. First appeared in Europe as early as 600,000 to 350,000 years ago. The last traces of have been found in Gorham’s Cave on the remote south-facing coast of Gibraltar, dated 30,000 to 24,500 years ago. Named after the first excavation in the Neanderthal valley ['thal' - 'valley'] near Dusseldorf, Germany. Descendants of Homo erectus, the bone structure found in contemporaneous skeletons suggests that Neanderthals may not have been direct ancestors of modern people, but a separate hominoid branch that was replaced in Europe by modern people.
Neolithic The New Stone Age, approximately 12,000 to 2500 years ago. The period of the Stone Age following the Mesolithic, characterized in Europe by polished stone tools, pottery and the evolution of food production. In northern Africa, the period that commenced between 12,000 and 5,000 years ago, and lasted into the time when iron was first smelted, about 2,500 years ago. Unlike the Palaeolithic, where more than one human species existed, only one human species - Homo sapiens - reached the Neolithic.
neuropsychological model Explanatory model for the creation of rock art based on the idea that all humans have the same nervous system, resulting in the same or similar internally generated designs in persons undergoing a trance; based on the assumption that shamans routinely experienced trance and were the primary producers of rock art.
neuropsychology Integrated scientific study of the human nervous system (neurology) and the study of the mind and behavior (psychology).
Niaux The Cave of Niaux , located in the Ariege department of south-western France, is famous for its many prehistoric paintings of superior quality. The paintings are from the Magdelanian Period [18,500 to 10,500 years ago]. In the Salon Noir, the age of the charcoal drawings has been measured by carbon dating to approximately 14,000 years.
american rock art archive
Niaux Cave
 
 
bradshaw foundation donate help
Mailing List

Email Sign-Up
website updates

Email

First Name

Last Name

Country

bradshaw foundation twitter BradshawFND
Podcast
bradshaw foundation podcast
DVD
bradshaw foundation ishop dvd
Homepage About the Foundation Contact Us News Articles Twitter Travel Index About the Expeditions Forthcoming Expeditions Bespoke Expeditions Enquire Practical Information History of Exploration Welcome to the iShop Film Downloads DVD's Sculpture Prints Clothing Messenger Bag eBooks INORA Downloads About iLecture Films Shipping & Handling iLectures In Conversation Video Stories Travel Films Read the reviews Join the free Mailing List Friends of the Foundation Archive Index World's Oldest Rock Art Africa Documentary Films South Africa RARI Giraffe Carvings Niger Namibia Western Central Africa Africa Paintings Gallery Tanzania The Tuareg People Tuareg Salt Caravans Gilf Kebir Archive Index San Rock Art Paintings San Bushman San Rock Art Film Origins Centre Johannesburg Archive Index Arizona Baja California Coso Range Nevada Oregon Territory Australia Archive Index Introduction Bradshaw Paintings Kimberley Region The Unambal Hugh Brown Leif Thiele Gallery Dan Clark Grahame Walsh Ian Wilson Bradshaws / Gwion Gwion Archive Index Introduction Origins of the British Stonehenge Sounds of Stonehenge The British Museum British Isles Megaliths Gower Peninsula Rock Art Mendip Hills Prehistory Northumberland Rock Art Red Lady of Paviland Stone Age Mammoth Abattoir Archive Index Yinchuan Museum Rock Art Festival Field Trip Gallery Itinerant Creeds Inner Mongolia & Ningxia Vanishing Civilization Life in Rock Art (PDF) Tibet Tibet Photographs Dazu Rock Carvings Tiger Motif Archive Index Chauvet Cave Lascaux Cave Niaux Cave Cosquer Cave Portable Art Research Paper Tuc d'Audoubert Bison Dr. Jean Clottes Index Introduction Cave Paintings Gallery Visiting the Chauvet Cave Return to Chauvet Cave Investigating the Cave Venus & Sorcerer Werner Herzog Film Chauvet Publications India Archive Index Rock Art Central India Pachmarhi Hills India Rock Art Gallery Middle East Archive Index Middle East Inroduction Rock Art of Iran Rock Art of Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Rock Art Ancient Geometry Middle East Colonisation Tanum Rock Art Museum Thor Heyerdahl Archive Index Introduction America's Oldest Art? Pedra Furada Bolivian Rock Art Campeche Island - Brazil Checta Petroglyphs - Peru Cueva de las Manos Santa Catarina Island - Brazil Rock Art in Britain Campeche Rock Art Petroglyphs El Salvador - Corinto Cave Hand Rock Art Paintings Tibetan Rock Art United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Yinchuan Rock Art Museum Introduction Ice Age Art Gallery Claire Artemyz Jill Cook Interview Cycladic Introduction Cycladic Gallery Introduction Geometric Signs Chart Research Methodology Geometric Signs in France Sign Types/Countries/Regions Bibliography Ancient Symbols in Rock Art Newsletter Archive Download Issues Introduction Genetic Map Professor Stephen Oppenheimer Further Reading Origins of the British BBC Documentary Origins Index Origins Overview 13 Big Questions Stanley Ambrose Homo Floresiensis Herto Skulls Homo Dmanisi Liujiang Skull Introduction Sentinels in Stone Easter Island Rock Art Birdman Cult / Motif Sea & Marine Creatures Design & Motifs Dr Georgia Lee Easter Island Map Contemporary Art Glossary Conclusion Thor Heyerdahl Introduction When & Who Built It? How Was It Built? The Area Sounds of Stonehenge Meaning of a Pyramid Pyramid Studies Pyramid Superstructure Pyramid Substructure Pyramid Preparations Pyramid Building Saqqara Nabil Swelim Temples of Malta and Gozo Research in the Caucasus The Keselo Foundation Homo Dmanisi Ancient Toolmakers Index Introduction Descent into the Cave The Decorated Caves Shamanistic Experience Spring Initiation Rites Summary Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Professor John P. Miller Motif: Eternal Index Han Meilin Bruce Radke Christian Tuki Gordon Ellis-Brown Site Map Search the Website Glossary of Terms & Definition Podcast on iTunes List of Research Papers Other Websites Contact the Foundation