Talking Stone Rock Art Coso America USA Documentary Film

The Bradshaw Foundation : Glossary of Terms & Definitions

Glossary of Terms & Definitions | P

 
 
 
P

palaeoart Collective term relating to manifestations of art from the distant past.
Palaeolithic The earliest part of the Stone Age, characterized by chipped stone tools.american rock art archive
american rock art archive
see Upper Palaeolithic
Palaeolithic figurines Prehistoric statuettes of women portrayed with similar physical attributes from the Upper Palaeolithic, mostly found in Europe, but with finds as far east as Irkutsk Oblast, Siberia, extending their distribution to much of Eurasia, from the Pyrenees to Lake Baikal. Most of them date to the Gravettian period, but there are a number of early examples from the Aurignacian, including the Hohle Fels figurine, discovered in 2008, carbon dated to at least 35,000 years ago, and late examples of the Magdelanian, such as the Monruz figurine, aged about 11,000 years. The figurines were carved from soft stone (such as steatite, calcite or limestone), bone or ivory, or formed of clay and fired. The latter are among the oldest ceramics known. Virtually all are of modest size, between 4 cm and 25 cm in height. Considered to be 'portable art'; art to be held. The term 'venus' is a much later and erroneous term.
american rock art archive
Ice Age Art
palaeontology The study of life in prehistoric times by using fossil evidence.
panel Arbitrary assemblage of rock art elements spatially confined to a particular area and set off from neighboring groupings.
parietal art Art on the rock walls of prehistoric caves and rock shelters, including drawings, engravings, carvings and paintings; often used interchangeably with rupestrian.
petroform see rock alignment.
petroglyph Rock art produced by carving, engraving, chipping, pecking, or scratching into the darkly varnished surface of the natural rock, thereby effecting a high contrast with the lighter underlying matrix.
phantasmomorph Rock art motif of fantastical form, typically combining human and animal characteristics. See therianthrope.
phosphene Term referring to abstract design elements (set of parallel lines, pattern of dots, grids, spirals, zigzags, filigrees, etc.), occurring in the visual cortex of the human brain without the presence of visual stimuli; also known as form constants, they are induced by a variety of means, including pressure on the eye, fatigue, trauma to the head, fasting, sensory deprivation, migraine, or the ingestion of hallucinogenic substances.
phytomorph Rock art motif of plantlike shape.
pictoglyph Painted petroglyph.
pictograph Rock art produced by painting or drawing an image on a rock surface.
Pleistocene Of or belonging to the geologic era known as the Ice Ace. Beginning about 2 million years ago and lasting to 10,000 BP, it was characterized by major climatic contrasts, particularly the advance of ice sheets.
prehistory The period before history was first recorded in writing. The study of the prehistoric period using archaeological evidence.
 
 
bradshaw foundation donate help
Mailing List

Email Sign-Up
website updates

Email

First Name

Last Name

Country

bradshaw foundation twitter BradshawFND
iShop
bradshaw foundation ishop tshirt
Homepage About the Foundation Contact Us News Articles Twitter Travel Index About the Expeditions Forthcoming Expeditions Bespoke Expeditions Enquire Practical Information History of Exploration Welcome to the iShop Film Downloads DVD's Sculpture Prints Clothing Messenger Bag eBooks INORA Downloads About iLecture Films Shipping & Handling iLectures In Conversation Video Stories Travel Films Read the reviews Join the free Mailing List Friends of the Foundation Archive Index World's Oldest Rock Art Africa Documentary Films South Africa RARI Giraffe Carvings Niger Namibia Western Central Africa Africa Paintings Gallery Tanzania The Tuareg People Tuareg Salt Caravans Gilf Kebir Archive Index San Rock Art Paintings San Bushman San Rock Art Film Origins Centre Johannesburg Archive Index Arizona Baja California Coso Range Nevada Oregon Territory Australia Archive Index Introduction Bradshaw Paintings Kimberley Region The Unambal Hugh Brown Leif Thiele Gallery Dan Clark Grahame Walsh Ian Wilson Bradshaws / Gwion Gwion Archive Index Introduction Origins of the British Stonehenge Sounds of Stonehenge The British Museum British Isles Megaliths Gower Peninsula Rock Art Mendip Hills Prehistory Northumberland Rock Art Red Lady of Paviland Stone Age Mammoth Abattoir Archive Index Yinchuan Museum Rock Art Festival Field Trip Gallery Itinerant Creeds Inner Mongolia & Ningxia Vanishing Civilization Life in Rock Art (PDF) Tibet Tibet Photographs Dazu Rock Carvings Tiger Motif Archive Index Chauvet Cave Lascaux Cave Niaux Cave Cosquer Cave Portable Art Research Paper Tuc d'Audoubert Bison Dr. Jean Clottes Index Introduction Cave Paintings Gallery Visiting the Chauvet Cave Return to Chauvet Cave Investigating the Cave Venus & Sorcerer Werner Herzog Film Chauvet Publications India Archive Index Rock Art Central India Pachmarhi Hills India Rock Art Gallery Middle East Archive Index Middle East Inroduction Rock Art of Iran Rock Art of Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Rock Art Ancient Geometry Middle East Colonisation Tanum Rock Art Museum Thor Heyerdahl Archive Index Introduction America's Oldest Art? Pedra Furada Bolivian Rock Art Campeche Island - Brazil Checta Petroglyphs - Peru Cueva de las Manos Santa Catarina Island - Brazil Rock Art in Britain Campeche Rock Art Petroglyphs El Salvador - Corinto Cave Hand Rock Art Paintings Tibetan Rock Art United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Yinchuan Rock Art Museum Introduction Ice Age Art Gallery Claire Artemyz Jill Cook Interview Cycladic Introduction Cycladic Gallery Introduction Geometric Signs Chart Research Methodology Geometric Signs in France Sign Types/Countries/Regions Bibliography Ancient Symbols in Rock Art Newsletter Archive Download Issues Introduction Genetic Map Professor Stephen Oppenheimer Further Reading Origins of the British BBC Documentary Origins Index Origins Overview 13 Big Questions Stanley Ambrose Homo Floresiensis Herto Skulls Homo Dmanisi Liujiang Skull Introduction Sentinels in Stone Easter Island Rock Art Birdman Cult / Motif Sea & Marine Creatures Design & Motifs Dr Georgia Lee Easter Island Map Contemporary Art Glossary Conclusion Thor Heyerdahl Introduction When & Who Built It? How Was It Built? The Area Sounds of Stonehenge Meaning of a Pyramid Pyramid Studies Pyramid Superstructure Pyramid Substructure Pyramid Preparations Pyramid Building Saqqara Nabil Swelim Temples of Malta and Gozo Research in the Caucasus The Keselo Foundation Homo Dmanisi Ancient Toolmakers Index Introduction Descent into the Cave The Decorated Caves Shamanistic Experience Spring Initiation Rites Summary Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Professor John P. Miller Motif: Eternal Index Han Meilin Bruce Radke Christian Tuki Gordon Ellis-Brown Site Map Search the Website Glossary of Terms & Definition Podcast on iTunes List of Research Papers Other Websites Contact the Foundation